Castiglione della Pescaia seems to exert a magnetic attraction on tourists: it is nicknamed “the Switzerland of the Maremma” for its picturesque pastel-colored buildings and courtyards that really seem to imitate an authentic Swiss village, but without Heidi’s hairstyles.
When the sun goes down, most of the Maremma relaxes for the night, but not Castiglione della Pescaia. After an outdoor dinner, the locals move to the promenade or the pine-dotted beaches, nationally recognized for their beauty. The evening continues with cocktails served in the trendy beach bars. Among others, lived on the beach of Castiglione della Pescaia Robert De Niro, Sophia Loren and the writer Italo Calvino, who is said to have used this area as a source of inspiration for his paradise in Palomar. Calvin is buried in an extravagant mausoleum in the town cemetery.
Unlike the rest of the Maremma, Castellione de Piscaria, as the town was originally called, was founded by the Pisans in the 10th century.
Four centuries later and tired of the oppression of landowners, the Castiglionesi transformed their village into a free commune.
However, the experience was interrupted first by the black plague, then by pirate raids and, finally, by the Spanish invasion. At the time of the Medici domination the city had fallen into ruin. It took a long time and a lot of financial resources for the Grand Duke of Tuscany to be able to return Castiglione to its former glory in the 17th century.